The manipulatedFrame example


A ManipulatedFrame can be moved with the mouse in the scene.

A ManipulatedFrame converts mouse gestures into Frame displacements. Adding two lines of code will allow you to move any object of your scene using the mouse. The button bindings of the ManipulatedFrame are the same as for the camera. Spinning is possible.

The frame is drawn at its position using a glMultMatrix of the frame associated matrix(). This matrix is changed when the mouse moves, thus changing the position of the frame.


#include <QGLViewer/qglviewer.h>

class Viewer : public QGLViewer
protected :
  virtual void init();
  virtual void draw();
  virtual QString helpString() const;


#include "manipulatedFrame.h"
#include <math.h>

#include <QGLViewer/manipulatedFrame.h>

using namespace qglviewer;
using namespace std;

static void drawSpiral()
  const float nbSteps = 200.0;
  for (float i=0; i<nbSteps; ++i)
	  float ratio = i/nbSteps;
	  float angle = 21.0*ratio;
	  float c = cos(angle);
	  float s = sin(angle);
	  float r1 = 1.0 - 0.8*ratio;
	  float r2 = 0.8 - 0.8*ratio;
	  float alt = ratio - 0.5;
	  const float nor = .5;
	  const float up = sqrt(1.0-nor*nor);
	  glColor3f(1.0-ratio, 0.2f , ratio);
	  glNormal3f(nor*c, up, nor*s);
	  glVertex3f(r1*c, alt, r1*s);
	  glVertex3f(r2*c, alt+0.05, r2*s);

void Viewer::init()
	setMouseBinding(Qt::AltModifier, Qt::LeftButton, QGLViewer::CAMERA, QGLViewer::ROTATE);
	setMouseBinding(Qt::AltModifier, Qt::RightButton, QGLViewer::CAMERA, QGLViewer::TRANSLATE);
	setMouseBinding(Qt::AltModifier, Qt::MidButton, QGLViewer::CAMERA, QGLViewer::ZOOM);
	setWheelBinding(Qt::AltModifier, QGLViewer::CAMERA, QGLViewer::ZOOM);

	setMouseBinding(Qt::NoModifier, Qt::LeftButton, QGLViewer::FRAME, QGLViewer::ROTATE);
	setMouseBinding(Qt::NoModifier, Qt::RightButton, QGLViewer::FRAME, QGLViewer::TRANSLATE);
	setMouseBinding(Qt::NoModifier, Qt::MidButton, QGLViewer::FRAME, QGLViewer::ZOOM);
	setWheelBinding(Qt::NoModifier, QGLViewer::FRAME, QGLViewer::ZOOM);

#ifdef GL_RESCALE_NORMAL  // OpenGL 1.2 Only...

  // Make sure the manipulatedFrame is not easily clipped by the zNear and zFar planes
  camera()->fitSphere(Vec(0,0,0), 1);

  // Add a manipulated frame to the viewer.
  // If you are not "using namespace qglqglviewer", you need
  // to specify: new qglviewer::ManipulatedFrame().
  setManipulatedFrame(new ManipulatedFrame());


void Viewer::draw()
  // Here we are in the world coordinate system. Draw unit size axis.

  // Save the current model view matrix (not needed here in fact)

  // Multiply matrix to get in the frame coordinate system.

  // Scale down the drawings
  glScalef(0.3f, 0.3f, 0.3f);

  // Draw an axis using the QGLViewer static function

  // Draws a frame-related spiral.

  // Restore the original (world) coordinate system

QString Viewer::helpString() const
  QString text("<h2>M a n i p u l a t e d F r a m e</h2>");
  text += "A <i>ManipulatedFrame</i> converts mouse gestures into <i>Frame</i> displacements. ";
  text += "In this example, such an object defines the position of the spiral that can hence be manipulated.<br><br>";
  text += "Adding two lines of code will then allow you to move the objects of ";
  text += "your scene using the mouse. The button bindings of the <i>ManipulatedFrame</i> ";
  text += "are the same than for the camera. Spinning is possible.<br><br>";
  text += "Default key bindings have been changed in this example : press <b>Alt</b> ";
  text += "while moving the mouse to move the camera instead of the ManipulatedFrame.";
  return text;


#include "manipulatedFrame.h"
#include <qapplication.h>

int main(int argc, char** argv)
  QApplication application(argc,argv);

  Viewer viewer;


  return application.exec();

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