The overpainting example

overpainting

Mixing OpenGL (3D) and QPainter (2D) drawing in the same viewer.

A semi-transparent eounded square is painted in 2D using a QPainter on top of a classical 3D OpenGL rendering. Useful to add 2D objects (annotations, menus, head-up display) to your viewers.

Inspired from the Qt's overpainting example. Note that this functionnality is only available with Qt 4.

viewer.h

#include <QGLViewer/qglviewer.h>

class QPaintEvent;
class QPainter;

class Viewer : public QGLViewer {
public:
  Viewer(QWidget *parent = 0);

protected:
  virtual void draw();
  virtual void init();
  void drawOverpaint(QPainter *painter);

  virtual void paintGL() { update(); };
  virtual void paintEvent(QPaintEvent *event);
  // Could be overloaded to defer final initializations
  // virtual void showEvent(QShowEvent *event);

  virtual QString helpString() const;
};

main.cpp

#include "viewer.h"
#include <qapplication.h>

int main(int argc, char **argv) {
  QApplication application(argc, argv);
  Viewer viewer;

  viewer.setWindowTitle("overpainting");

  viewer.show();
  return application.exec();
}

viewer.cpp

#include "viewer.h"

#include <QGL>
#include <QPainter>

using namespace std;

#ifndef GL_MULTISAMPLE
#define GL_MULTISAMPLE 0x809D
#endif

Viewer::Viewer(QWidget *parent)
    : QGLViewer(QGLFormat(QGL::SampleBuffers), parent) {
  setAttribute(Qt::WA_NoSystemBackground);
}

void Viewer::drawOverpaint(QPainter *painter) {
  painter->save();
  painter->translate(width() / 2, height() / 2);
  QRadialGradient radialGrad(QPointF(-40, -40), 100);
  radialGrad.setColorAt(0, QColor(255, 255, 255, 100));
  radialGrad.setColorAt(1, QColor(200, 200, 0, 100));
  painter->setBrush(QBrush(radialGrad));
  painter->drawRoundRect(-100, -100, 200, 200);
  painter->restore();
}

// Draws a spiral
void Viewer::draw() {
  const float nbSteps = 200.0;

  glBegin(GL_QUAD_STRIP);
  for (int i = 0; i < nbSteps; ++i) {
    const float ratio = i / nbSteps;
    const float angle = 21.0 * ratio;
    const float c = cos(angle);
    const float s = sin(angle);
    const float r1 = 1.0 - 0.8f * ratio;
    const float r2 = 0.8f - 0.8f * ratio;
    const float alt = ratio - 0.5f;
    const float nor = 0.5f;
    const float up = sqrt(1.0 - nor * nor);
    glColor3f(1.0 - ratio, 0.2f, ratio);
    glNormal3f(nor * c, up, nor * s);
    glVertex3f(r1 * c, alt, r1 * s);
    glVertex3f(r2 * c, alt + 0.05f, r2 * s);
  }
  glEnd();
}

void Viewer::init() {
  restoreStateFromFile();
  help();
}

void Viewer::paintEvent(QPaintEvent *event) {
  Q_UNUSED(event)
  QPainter painter;
  painter.begin(this);
  painter.setRenderHint(QPainter::Antialiasing);

  // Save current OpenGL state
  glPushAttrib(GL_ALL_ATTRIB_BITS);
  glMatrixMode(GL_PROJECTION);
  glPushMatrix();
  glMatrixMode(GL_MODELVIEW);
  glPushMatrix();

  // Reset OpenGL parameters
  glShadeModel(GL_SMOOTH);
  glEnable(GL_DEPTH_TEST);
  glEnable(GL_CULL_FACE);
  glEnable(GL_LIGHTING);
  glEnable(GL_LIGHT0);
  glEnable(GL_MULTISAMPLE);
  static GLfloat lightPosition[4] = {1.0, 5.0, 5.0, 1.0};
  glLightfv(GL_LIGHT0, GL_POSITION, lightPosition);
  glClearColor(backgroundColor().redF(), backgroundColor().greenF(),
               backgroundColor().blueF(), backgroundColor().alphaF());

  // Classical 3D drawing, usually performed by paintGL().
  preDraw();
  draw();
  postDraw();
  // Restore OpenGL state
  glMatrixMode(GL_MODELVIEW);
  glPopMatrix();
  glMatrixMode(GL_PROJECTION);
  glPopMatrix();
  glPopAttrib();

  drawOverpaint(&painter);

  painter.end();
}

QString Viewer::helpString() const {
  QString text("<h2>O v e r p a i n t</h2>");
  text += "This example shows how to mix the 2D QPainter drawing with regular "
          "3D in an OpenGL QGLViewer.<br>";
  text += "The <code>paintEvent</code> method is overloaded to interleave the "
          "two drawing codes.";
  return text;
}

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