libQGLViewer  Version 2.6.4
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AxisPlaneConstraint Class Reference

An abstract class for Frame Constraints defined by an axis or a plane. More...

Public Types

enum  Type { FREE, AXIS, PLANE, FORBIDDEN }
 

Public Member Functions

 AxisPlaneConstraint ()
 
virtual ~AxisPlaneConstraint ()
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from Constraint
virtual ~Constraint ()
 

Translation constraint

virtual void constrainTranslation (Vec &translation, Frame *const frame)
 
void setTranslationConstraint (Type type, const Vec &direction)
 
void setTranslationConstraintType (Type type)
 
void setTranslationConstraintDirection (const Vec &direction)
 
Type translationConstraintType () const
 
Vec translationConstraintDirection () const
 

Rotation constraint

virtual void constrainRotation (Quaternion &rotation, Frame *const frame)
 
void setRotationConstraint (Type type, const Vec &direction)
 
void setRotationConstraintType (Type type)
 
void setRotationConstraintDirection (const Vec &direction)
 
Type rotationConstraintType () const
 
Vec rotationConstraintDirection () const
 

Detailed Description

An abstract class for Frame Constraints defined by an axis or a plane.

AxisPlaneConstraint is an interface for (translation and/or rotation) Constraint that are defined by a direction. translationConstraintType() and rotationConstraintType() define how this direction should be interpreted: as an axis (AxisPlaneConstraint::AXIS) or as a plane normal (AxisPlaneConstraint::PLANE). See the Type() documentation for details.

The three implementations of this class: LocalConstraint, WorldConstraint and CameraConstraint differ by the coordinate system in which this direction is expressed.

Different implementations of this class are illustrated in the contrainedCamera and constrainedFrame examples.

Attention
When applied, the rotational Constraint may not intuitively follow the mouse displacement. A solution would be to directly measure the rotation angle in screen coordinates, but that would imply to know the QGLViewer::camera(), so that we can compute the projected coordinates of the rotation center (as is done with the SCREEN_ROTATE binding). However, adding an extra pointer to the QGLViewer::camera() in all the AxisPlaneConstraint derived classes (which the user would have to update in a multi-viewer application) was judged as an overkill.

Member Enumeration Documentation

§ Type

enum Type

Type lists the different types of translation and rotation constraints that are available.

It specifies the meaning of the constraint direction (see translationConstraintDirection() and rotationConstraintDirection()): as an axis direction (AxisPlaneConstraint::AXIS) or a plane normal (AxisPlaneConstraint::PLANE). AxisPlaneConstraint::FREE means no constraint while AxisPlaneConstraint::FORBIDDEN completely forbids the translation and/or the rotation.

See translationConstraintType() and rotationConstraintType().

Attention
The AxisPlaneConstraint::PLANE Type is not valid for rotational constraint.

New derived classes can use their own extended enum for specific constraints:

class MyAxisPlaneConstraint : public AxisPlaneConstraint
{
public:
enum MyType { FREE, AXIS, PLANE, FORBIDDEN, CUSTOM };
virtual void constrainTranslation(Vec &translation, Frame *const frame)
{
// translationConstraintType() is simply an int. CUSTOM Type is handled seamlessly.
{
case MyAxisPlaneConstraint::FREE: ... break;
case MyAxisPlaneConstraint::CUSTOM: ... break;
}
};
MyAxisPlaneConstraint* c = new MyAxisPlaneConstraint();
// Note the Type conversion
c->setTranslationConstraintType(AxisPlaneConstraint::Type(MyAxisPlaneConstraint::CUSTOM));
};
Enumerator
FREE 
AXIS 
PLANE 
FORBIDDEN 

Constructor & Destructor Documentation

§ AxisPlaneConstraint()

AxisPlaneConstraint ( )

§ ~AxisPlaneConstraint()

virtual ~AxisPlaneConstraint ( )
virtual

Virtual destructor. Empty.

Member Function Documentation

§ constrainRotation()

virtual void constrainRotation ( Quaternion rotation,
Frame *const  frame 
)
virtual

Overloading of Constraint::constrainRotation(). Empty.

Reimplemented from Constraint.

Reimplemented in CameraConstraint, WorldConstraint, and LocalConstraint.

§ constrainTranslation()

virtual void constrainTranslation ( Vec translation,
Frame *const  frame 
)
virtual

Overloading of Constraint::constrainTranslation(). Empty

Reimplemented from Constraint.

Reimplemented in CameraConstraint, WorldConstraint, and LocalConstraint.

§ rotationConstraintDirection()

Vec rotationConstraintDirection ( ) const

Returns the axis direction used by the rotation constraint.

This direction is defined only when rotationConstraintType() is AxisPlaneConstraint::AXIS.

The AxisPlaneConstraint derived classes express this direction in different coordinate system (camera for CameraConstraint, local for LocalConstraint, and world for WorldConstraint). This value can be modified with setRotationConstraintDirection().

§ rotationConstraintType()

Type rotationConstraintType ( ) const

Returns the rotation constraint Type().

§ setRotationConstraint()

void setRotationConstraint ( Type  type,
const Vec direction 
)

§ setRotationConstraintDirection()

void setRotationConstraintDirection ( const Vec direction)

Defines the rotationConstraintDirection(). The coordinate system where direction is expressed depends on your class implementation.

§ setRotationConstraintType()

void setRotationConstraintType ( Type  type)

Set the Type() of the rotationConstraintType(). Default is AxisPlaneConstraint::FREE.

Depending on this value, the Frame will freely rotate (AxisPlaneConstraint::FREE), will only be able to rotate around an axis (AxisPlaneConstraint::AXIS), or will not able to rotate at all (AxisPlaneConstraint::FORBIDDEN).

Use Frame::setOrientation() to define the orientation of the constrained Frame before it gets constrained.

Attention
An AxisPlaneConstraint::PLANE Type() is not meaningful for rotational constraints and will be ignored.

§ setTranslationConstraint()

void setTranslationConstraint ( Type  type,
const Vec direction 
)

§ setTranslationConstraintDirection()

void setTranslationConstraintDirection ( const Vec direction)

Defines the translationConstraintDirection(). The coordinate system where direction is expressed depends on your class implementation.

§ setTranslationConstraintType()

void setTranslationConstraintType ( Type  type)

§ translationConstraintDirection()

Vec translationConstraintDirection ( ) const

Returns the direction used by the translation constraint.

It represents the axis direction (AxisPlaneConstraint::AXIS) or the plane normal (AxisPlaneConstraint::PLANE) depending on the translationConstraintType(). It is undefined for AxisPlaneConstraint::FREE or AxisPlaneConstraint::FORBIDDEN.

The AxisPlaneConstraint derived classes express this direction in different coordinate system (camera for CameraConstraint, local for LocalConstraint, and world for WorldConstraint). This value can be modified with setTranslationConstraintDirection().

§ translationConstraintType()

Type translationConstraintType ( ) const

Returns the translation constraint Type().

Depending on this value, the Frame will freely translate (AxisPlaneConstraint::FREE), will only be able to translate along an axis direction (AxisPlaneConstraint::AXIS), will be forced to stay into a plane (AxisPlaneConstraint::PLANE) or will not able to translate at all (AxisPlaneConstraint::FORBIDDEN).

Use Frame::setPosition() to define the position of the constrained Frame before it gets constrained.